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Crops & Soils Featured Topics

Future of Ag in SEK - Article

Imagine if you can what the agricultural industry will hold in the year 2040. This was the topic discussed at the “Tomorrow’s Ag Starts Today” conference held in Ulysses on July 12. While this particular event was focused on southwest Kansas, the idea can be applied to the rest of the state, in particular our corner of southeast Kansas. I had the pleasure of presenting about our main crops and the genetic potential therein. I figured if we are thinking about 23 years in the future, it makes sense to consider the past 23 years. There has been considerable change in our cropping systems across the state and in southeast Kansas since 1994 according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

- July 14, 2017


2016 Enterprise Budgets - Audio

The Kansas Farm Management Association recently released their Kansas Farm Income Summary for 2016. While this document is packed with tons of information, some of the most interesting are the crop production enterprise budgets on a statewide and area basis. These show crop by crop the profit or lack thereof of all of the crops planted in Kansas. In this clip, we will hear form Kevin Herbel, Kansas Farm Management Association executive director as he talks about the 4 major Kansas crops enterprise budgets.

July 6, 2016


Nutrient Availability - Audio 

-May 26, 2017


Lady Bugs- Audio 

-May 26, 2017


Lady Bugs- Article

-May 26, 2017


Soil Sampling - Audio 

Proper Soil Sample Collection
Just like maintaining or servicing equipment, soil testing should become a routine examination of soil health. Correct soil sampling in the field is essential for an accurate and repeatable soil test, and consequently for an optimum nutrient management program. To obtain a proper collection, there are a few guidelines to follow.

- May 10, 2017


Herbicide Use- Audio 

 - May 2, 2017


Responsible Herbicide Use - Article

Herbicides are welcomed by many farmers and backyard gardeners because of their potential to eliminate much of the need for long hours of manual weed control practices. When used properly, herbicides can control a variety of unwanted weeds with little to no effort; however,

- May 2, 2017


The Value of Nematodes- Audio 

An internationally-known soil scientist from Colorado State University spoke on the K-State campus about the importance of soil biodiversity to agriculture.  Much of her research work focuses on soil nematodes. Diana Wall talks about the importance of nematodes and what roles they play in soil health. 

 - April 24, 2017


Murphy's Wheat Law - Article

Stripe Rust Upper Canopy S of Altamont Apr 5 2017Unfortunately, for wheat grown in southeast Kansas, Murphy’s Law (Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong) tends to be the norm. Due to our environmental conditions, wheat diseases tend to thrive. However, with proper management, wheat can be a successful crop for producers. This years crop has been impacted by stripe rust, and may be infected with head scab. In this column, a wide variety of wheat pests are discussed.

April 18, 2017


 Alfalfa Weevil Control - Audio 

- April 11, 2017


Diagnosing Corn Emergence Problems - Article

With warm temperatures forcing winter behind us, the new growing season begins with optimism for this year’s crops. Once the corn seed goes into the ground, the potential for a productive corn crop has begun. From this point forward, many factors can contribute to the yield potential and health of the plant.

- March 31, 2017


Diagnosing Corn Emergence Problems -Audio 

- March 31, 2017


Ag In The Classroom -Audio 

- March 24, 2017


Corn Emergence Factors - ArticleCorn Emergence Study

I like to say that we “farm when we can” in southeast Kansas. Mother Nature tends to decide when we can get into fields so when conditions are acceptable, the tractors spring into action. As such, corn planting is progressing rapidly in southeast Kansas. There are some important factors that will decide the success of those plantings. Soil moisture and temperature are probably the most important factors and in this article, the current research project being conducted at the Parsons research station is discussed.

- March 25, 2017


 Corn Planting Date  -Audio 


When should we plant corn in southeast Kansas? Much of the time, corn planting is dictated more by when we can get in the field because of wet soils. Even so, there are a few things that should be taken into consideration in deciding when to plant corn for optimal yield.

- March 24, 2017


Understanding Herbicide and Soil Interactions  -Audio

Herbicides have been widely used for many years as effective weed reduction tools. Understanding how they work and interact with other environmental factors will aid in more effective weed management decisions. The best source of information for herbicide use is the herbicide label. Always apply herbicides according to label directions. The herbicide label is a legal document, and an applicator is responsible for applying the herbicide according to label directions.

 - March 8, 2017 


Farm Lease Agreements - ArticleAudio

A lease is a contract and terms of the lease will be interpreted and enforced in light of the contract law. It is important that both parties to a farm or ranch lease understand the details of their lease agreement and the laws that affect their lease. The types of land rental agreements vary widely from one farming area to another and these differences are often based on long-standing traditions. For crop production, there are three primary types of lease agreements. These include: fixed cash, crop-share or flexible lease.

 - February 28, 2017


A New Approach To Wheat Genetics - ArticleAudio

Stripe RustGenetics is a powerful tool in a producer’s arsenal for most crops, but wheat genetics may be even more important than others. The K-State Wheat Breeding Program is using a new approach to address disease management, specifically the rust diseases that could impact future varietal decisions. This approach, call race non-specific resistance (or minor gene resistance) should provide a more sustainable disease resistance package for producers. In the audio clip, Dr. Allan Fritz, K-State Wheat Breeder offers a more in-depth discussion of their new efforts.

- February 22, 2017


 Chloride Benefits Wheat - Audio

Extensive field research at Kansas State University shows that the application of chloride can help improve crop yields, especially in wheat. K-State soil fertility specialist Dave Mengel talks about what chloride does for wheat and explains why chloride applications can help in Kansas conditions, as opposed to other regions.

- February 17, 2017


 Wheat's Ability to Withstand a Freeze - Audio

Freeze injury of wheat through the winter is uncommon due to variety tolerance and good management practices, however; once wheat begins growing in the spring, it has little resistance to low temperatures. The stage wheat is in also dramatically affects the severity of injury to the crop.

- February 10, 2017


 Xtend Soybean System - Audio

Full approval has now been granted for farmers to employ the new Xtend soybean production system.  It’s built around new soybean varieties which are resistant to dicamba herbicide applications, giving growers an additional weapon against glyphosate-resistant weeds.  K-State weed management specialist Dallas Peterson talks more about what this new alternative brings to soybean growers.

- February 1, 2017


 Living on the Land, A New Series - Article  Living on the Land Flyer

If you were to estimate, what percentage of farms in Kansas are less than 100 acres, between 100 and 500 acres, and more than 500 acres? An entrepreneur came to my office and asked a similar question which has spurred me to consider the programs we have offered in the past and potential changes down the road. The answer to this riddle and more are included in this article. Also included is information concerning the Feb. 16 meeting in Girard covering Kansas Fence Law, Fruit Tree Pruning, and Local Foods Production.

- January 26, 2017


Farm Program Payments - Audio

A few years ago, the 2014 Farm Bill dominated discussions at many ag meetings. While the results that have followed in the subsequent years have left many producers questioning the efficacy of the program, the K-State Ag Economics department has developed an on-line interactive tool that producers can use to estimate the impact on their operations. In this clip, we will hear from Art Barnaby, K-State Research and Extension Risk Management Specialist as he talks about the tool.

- January 26, 2017


Hessian Fly - Audio

While planted acres of wheat are substantially lower across the state, there is still quite a bit planted. One of the biggest knocks on wheat is the multitude of pest issues that can cause problems. The most obvious for our area tend to be fungal diseases, but an old wheat adversary is rearing its ugly head this year, the Hessian Fly. This week will hear from Jeff Whitworth, K-State Research and Extension Entomologist as he talks about the presence of Hessian fly this year.

- January 20, 2017


Diminishing Farm Returns- Now What? - Article - Audio

In conjunction with the Kansas State Ag Econ department, we recently hosted a meeting that focused on ten considerations to make during a struggling farm economy. While increasing the farm income may be a daunting task for the upcoming year, there are usually some places to cut costs in all farming operations. A major focus of the meeting was to re-assess all areas of the farm operation and determine how to stay afloat during these tough economic times.

- January 6, 2017


On-Farm Research - Article

What if there was a way to bring that research off of the research station and into one of your own fields? A new focus toward on-farm research is spreading across the state that might offer a producer just that chance. Whether that research cover a potential new forage crop (like teff) or cropping system practice (like seeding rate) or even pesticide effectiveness, the whole gambit of agricultural production can be researched if a producer is willing to cooperate with K-State Research and Extension Specialists.

- December 30, 2016


Kansas Fence Law - Audio

Producers are responsible for various aspects regarding fence law. Individual states have statutes clarifying what is regarded as a “legal fence” for restraining livestock.  Staff attorney Forrest Buhler with the Kansas Agricultural Mediation Services at K-State explains how these regulations are set up and shares examples of what they detail. 

- December 23, 2016


Crop Budgeting in a Struggling Ag Economy - Article - Audio

Corn Cost Return BudgetEvery year, the Kansas State University Agricultural Economics Department releases Farm Management Guides for a multitude of cropping systems across the state. These are specific to six regions across the state and can be a useful tool in making cropping decisions, especially in years when the agricultural economy appears to be struggling. In short, the projections are quite worrisome.

- November 4, 2016


 Fall Control of Bindweed - Audio

Field bindweed is notoriously hard to control. It is a deep-rooted perennial weed that can severely reduce crop yields and land values. Prior to a killing freeze, fall can be an excellent time to treat field bindweed since it will be moving carbohydrates down into the root system at that time.

- October 21, 2016


Worms in Wheat - Audio

Newly planted wheat is facing a pest that is causing damage not only in our area but across the region. Reports of worms infesting wheat have been around for quite awhile. There are actually a few different worms that may be causing the damage to the seedlings and in this clip we will hear from Jeff Whitworth, K-State Research and Extension Entomologist as he discusses these voracious pests.

- October 17, 2016


Understanding Soil pH - Article  Audio

Soil sampling can offer many benefits to better understanding the condition of the soil, but when the results come back, they may be hard to understand. Soil pH and buffer pH, in particular, can be difficult concepts to grasp. On a basic soil sample, the soil pH is given. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Numbers that are less than 7 indicate acidity while numbers greater than 7 indicate alkalinity.

- October 14, 2016


Cover Crop Weed Control - Audio

Cover crops are gaining in popularity all across the country. One benefit that is often discussed is the potential for weed suppression, but there are some factors that producers need to consider in choosing cover crops. In this clip we will hear from Anita Dille, K-State Weed Ecologist as she discusses some of those considerations.

- October 10, 2014


Water Quality Resources - Article

Water is incredibly important to not only agriculture, but society in general. In fact, water was identified as one of the five Grand Challenges that K-State Research and Extension programming will emphasize. Whereas our western Kansas brethren focus mainly on water quantity (or lack thereof), in eastern Kansas water quality is the emphasis.

- October 6, 2014


Compacted Soils: A Forgotten Yield limiter - Article  Audio

Compaction can be caused by a variety of issues within the soil. Naturally dense soils, surface crusting and cultural practices can all contribute to compaction. One specifically prevalent during harvest is vehicle-induced compaction. This can be divided into two types, shallow and deep.

- September 16


Wheat Seed Fungicide - Audio

Does it pay to treat wheat seed at planting time? As we near wheat planting season, this question tends to come up. Like most situations in agriculture, the correct answer is it depends on a wide variety of factors. In this clip we will hear from Erick DeWolf, K-State Research and Extension Wheat Disease Specialist as he talks about treating wheat seed.

- September 9, 2016


An Unwanted Deposit - Article

With commodity prices where they are most producers would welcome cash deposits right now. However, a different kind of bank is receiving a massive deposit this year; the weed seed bank. Most farmers in our area would agree that weed control has been troublesome this year. The main offender is common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis), and its success this year may point to difficulties down the road. In this article, weed populations from across the district were estimated and the results are troubling.

- September 9, 2016


Soybean Yield Calculator - Audio

AppHeading into the latter third of the soybean growing season in Kansas, producers are naturally curious about the likely yield from their soybean stands.  There’s a handy tool from K-State that producers can use to calculate that yield…on their smart phones.  The app is called the KSUSoyYieldCalc, and K-State crop production specialist Ignacio Ciampitti says it allows the grower to plug in the crop characteristics that determine yield.

- September 9, 2016


 Crop Breakeven Cost Estimates - Audio

Between surveying, spraying and harvest, crop producers may not have sat down to crunch numbers for their farms’ estimated breakeven costs. K-State grain market economist Dan O’Brien reports what K-State has calculated as breakeven levels for corn, wheat, and soybeans, beginning with this year’s corn crop, looking at normal yields as well as above-average yields.    

- September 2, 2016


 Diversification - Audio

Does diversification reduce risk in agriculture in Kansas? In an effort to verify if diversification is a good risk management strategy, the Kansas State University Agricultural Economics Department has conducted an analysis of Kansas producers from across the state. In their analysis they examined trends in both crop production and cow-calf production. In this clip, we hear from Dustin Pendull, K-State Agricultural Economist as he discussed this research.

- August 29, 2016


Three Wheat Varieties Released - Audio

This past July, three new K-State hard red winter wheat varieties were released and approved for use by certified seed producers this fall.  This was facilitated by the Kansas Wheat Alliance, a partnership of the wheat seed industry and the university.  The account manager with the alliance, Bryson Haverkamp begins with what to expect with Larry, one of the three varieties.

- August 26, 2016


Wheat Nitrogen Management - Audio

Wheat at anthesis

With proper management, wheat can produce high yields in our area. The new K-State Research and Extension Wheat Specialist Romulo Lollato is a proponent of intensive wheat management, especially in the eastern third of Kansas. In this clip we hear him talk about nitrogen management as it pertains to wheat including the differences between species nitrogen use efficiency.

- August 22, 2016


Estimating Corn Yields - Article  Audio

It is hard to believe that fall is right around the corner. While cooler temperatures and shorter days may seem years away, they will be knocking at our door in no time at all. With the fall season, there is always the hype of a bountiful harvest. Although this year has been kind to some and unfair to others, either way, many producers may want to know what the potential is for their corn yields. One method to calculate corn yields is known as the kernel count method.

- August 19, 2016


Sugarcane Aphid in Grain Sorghum - Audio

It first appeared in Kansas grain sorghum two years ago, and it’s back again this year, the sugarcane aphid.  This tiny insect gathers on the underside of grain sorghum leaves and feeds on the foliage.  And it can multiply extremely rapidly, potentially leading to very costly yield losses.  K-State crop entomologist Brian McCornack is urging grain sorghum growers to scout their fields now, and repeatedly, for this pest and signs of its activity.

- August 12, 2016


Blue Green Algae - Audio

On miserably hot summer days, cattle do not thrive as they normally would. However, there is a chance that blue green algae is thriving in those conditions. Beef cattle veterinarian Gregg Hanzlicek with the K-State Veterinary Diagnostic Lab speaks about what blue green algae is, and what it looks like in water. 

- July 29, 2016


Soybean Discoloration - Article  Audio

Discolored Soybeans

When there appears to be some discoloration in the soybean field, the most common response from a producer is, “Is it a problem? If so, how can I fix it?” There may be many causes for discolored soybeans, but nutrient deficiencies are often to blame.

- July 22, 2016


Iron Deficient Soybeans - Audio

Around the state, patches of soybean fields, especially near gravel roads, are showing an unusual yellow hue, attracting the attention of K-State crop nutrient specialist Dorivar Ruiz-Diaz. In a recent K-State Extension Agronomy e-Update newsletter, he explained that a condition known as iron chlorosis is one possible cause of this odd coloring.

- July 15, 2016


Tips for Responsible Herbicide Use - Audio

Herbicides are welcomed by many farmers and backyard gardeners because of their potential to eliminate much of the need for long hours of manual weed control practices. When used properly, herbicides can control a variety of unwanted weeds with little to no effort; however, when used improperly, they can cause injury and contamination. To avoid an unwanted scenario, it’s best to follow the recommended practices for herbicide use.

- July 1, 2016


Wheat Storage Fundamentals - Article  Audio

The long days and unrelenting stress may be coming to an end. The wheat is getting put in the bin, taken to the elevator and most importantly taken out of the fields. When it comes to the wheat being stored in the bins, it may be gone from the fields, but it should not be forgotten.  Managing grain in storage to prevent insect damage is just as important as managing the crop while it is in the field. Insects can account for 5-10% loss in stored grain weight.

- June 24, 2016


Double-Crop Soybean Weed Control - Audio

Glyphosate Resistant WaterhempSoybean weed control has become more difficult with the massive increase in glyphosate resistant pigweeds. For our full season beans, there are quite a few control options. However, in double crop bean systems, weed control options may be limited. In this clip we will here from Doug Shoup, K-State Research and Extension Southeast Area Agronomist as he talks about weed management in double crop soybeans.

-June 20, 2016


Farm Income Report - Audio

The agricultural economy has clearly regressed over the past year, and that’s reflected in the new annual report from the Kansas Farm Management Association at K-State on Kansas net farm income for 2015.  This summary draws from the records of hundreds of farms and ranches that belong to the association, and it is widely considered as a main indicator of the health of the Kansas farm economy.  The falloff in average Kansas farm income from 2014 to 2015 was striking, according to KFMA administrator Kevin Herbel.

- June 17, 2016


Wheat Quality Indicators - Article

As an agronomic crop, wheat is fairly unique in that a high percentage is directly used for human consumption. Due to this, grain quality is more important to wheat than our other field crops. There are many ways to try and quantify quality, and in this article three ways are explained. Two of these are well understood (test weight and percent protein) while the third is not nearly as well understood (falling number).

- June 15, 2016


New Wheat Varieties - Audio

Wildcat Genetics Logo

It takes approximately 8 to 10 years to develop and release a new wheat variety. While there are some new methods emerging that may speed this up a year or two, most people do not realize how long this time is. In this clip, we will hear from Kansas Wheat Alliance President Daryl Strouts as he talks about some new varieties that will be released by the K-State Wheat Breeding Program. One of these varieties, Zenda, seems to offer producers a chance to replace some of their Everest acres.

-June 13, 2016


Soybean Disease- Pythium - Audio

Because weather is a key factor for this soybean season, emergence appears to be slow and uneven in a few planted fields due to the cool, wet conditions.  Wet conditions can also bring diseases. K-State research and Extension plant pathologists Doug Jardine talks about how soybean producers should be on the lookout for diseases.

- June 10, 2016


Flag Smut Disease - Audio

Last year, the wheat disease known as flag smut appeared in Kansas, and may be present this year as well. The disease is no threat to human or animal health, but it reduces wheat productivity, which is an issue for wheat producers. K-State plant pathologist Eric Dewolf talks about why this disease is a concern.

- June 3, 2016


A Kernel Saved is a Kernel Earned- Harvesting for Higher Quality Wheat - Article  Audio

Today’s combines have come a long way in their ability to thresh and clean grain, but all too often, the quality of the grain harvested is less than desirable. In most cases, a few minor adjustments could drastically reduce losses or improve grain quality. Sometimes, all it takes is a little extra time and attention to add a clear profit.

- May 27, 2016


Soybean Seeding Rate - Audio

Soybean fieldWith input costs continually rising, important management decisions must be made on all of these factors. One of the larger input expenses is seed costs so optimizing the seeding rate can make a large impact on the bottom line. In this clip we will hear form Ignacio Ciampitti, K-State Research and Extension Cropping Systems specialist as he talks about the importance of soybean seeding rates.

- May 23, 2016


Utilizing Yield Monitors - Audio

Utilizing yield monitors and GPS systems allows farmers to maximize the data that these monitors provide to its best potential.  Although these technologies are not new to the industry, there are not many producers that have them in their tractors.  K-State cropping system specialist Terry Griffin talks more in detail about the percentage of farmers that take advantage of these monitors.

- May 20, 2016


 Biological Nitrogen Fixation - Article

Soybean BloomsMost producers know that legumes like soybeans, alfalfa, and clover do not need nitrogen fertilizer because they make their own. In reality, they don’t really make their own, but an exceptional interaction occurs between the legumes and a group of bacterium which are called rhizobium. In this article, the process of biological nitrogen fixation is explained.

- May 17, 2016


The Value of Nematodes - Audio

An internationally-known soil scientist from Colorado State University recently spoke on the K-State campus about the importance of soil biodiversity to agriculture.  And much of her research work focuses on soil nematodes. Diana Wall talks about the importance of nematodes and what roles they play in soil health.

- May 13, 2016


Alfalfa Weevil Control - Audio

Alfalfa weevils are the primary defoliators of alfalfa. As the Kansas spring weather continues its usual conditions, the alfalfa weevil continues to feed. K-State Research and Extension crop entomologist Jeff Whitworth talks about how alfalfa weevils might have survived through the first round of treatments and considerations producers should think about in order to control their weevil populations. 

- May 6, 2016


Diagnosing Corn Production Problems - Article  Audio

Once the corn seed goes into the ground, the potential for a productive corn crop has begun. From this point forward, many factors can contribute to the yield potential and health of the plant. Corn, like all crops, may suffer from a variety of insects, diseases, nutritional and environmental stresses. Careful and frequent observations throughout the growth stages of the plant will help to aid in the correct diagnoses of plant issues if they may arise.

- April 29, 2016


Upcoming Spring Meetings - Audio

Spring weather brings on a variety outdoor activities along with an appreciation for the welcomed warmer weather. Farmers are planting crops, ranchers are tending to their livestock and gardeners are preparing their beds for fruits and vegetables. Even weeds, bugs and nuisance wildlife are taking advantage of the spring season. To help assist in your home and gardening needs, the Wildcat Extension District is hosting a couple new meetings that should entice all who enjoy the beauty of the great outdoors.

- April 15, 2016


Corn Starter Fertilizer - Audio

Extensive research at Kansas State University has confirmed that, in certain production systems, corn can greatly benefit from the use of a starter fertilizer at planting time.  Careful management of that practice is required, to realize the potential yield benefit.  K-State crop nutrient management specialist Dorivar Ruiz-Diaz advocates the use of starter phosphorus, and where needed, nitrogen, at planting as a pre-plant soil test would indicate.

- April 8, 2016


Cropland Rent Trends - Audio

Kansas State University has just released its latest estimates on county-level cash rental rates for dryland and irrigated crop ground in Kansas.  This information is updated regularly as a barometer of rental rate trends, which have changed dramatically over the last couple of years.  K-State agricultural economist Mykel Taylor is the lead author of this rental rate analysis.        

- April 1, 2016


Wheat Resistance to Freeze Injury - Article  Audio

Freeze injury of wheat through the winter is uncommon due to variety tolerance and good management practices, however; once wheat begins growing in the spring, it has little resistance to low temperatures. The stage wheat is in also dramatically affects the severity of injury to the crop.

- March 25, 2016


Cover Crop Oats - Audio

Spring oats can make for an excellent cover crop ahead of grain sorghum or soybean planting.  And now is the time to plant oats for this purpose.  One of the cornerstones to succeeding with spring oats is fertility management at planting, according to K-State cropping systems agronomist Kraig Roozeboom.  The main nutrient to consider is nitrogen, depending on the intended use of the crop.

- March 18, 2016


Herbicide Resistant Sorghum - Audio

Grain sorghum producers have long sought a solution to grassy weed infestations in their stands.  A recent action by the Environmental Protection Agency brought that solution one step closer to reality.  The EPA has approved a specific chemical compound for post-emergence use in herbicide-tolerant Inzen sorghum, which originated from K-State laboratories.  K-State weed management specialist Curt Thompson talks about what has been approved so far. 

- March 11, 2016 


Proper Soil Sample Collection - Article  Audio

Just like maintaining or servicing equipment, soil testing should become a routine examination of soil health. Correct soil sampling in the field is essential for an accurate and repeatable soil test, and consequently for an optimum nutrient management program. To obtain a proper collection, there are a few guidelines to follow.

- March 4, 2016


Farm Lease Agreements - Audio 

A lease is a contract and terms of the lease will be interpreted and enforced in light of the contract law. It is important that both parties to a farm or ranch lease understand the details of their lease agreement and the laws that affect their lease. The types of land rental agreements vary widely from one farming area to another and these differences are often based on long-standing traditions. For crop production, there are three primary types of lease agreements. These include: fixed cash, crop-share or flexible lease agreements.

- February 26, 2016


Soybean Cyst Nematode - Audio

Last year’s Kansas soybean crop was spared a lot of diseases, except for soybean cyst nematodes. Soybean cyst nematodes are a silent problem that many producers don’t realize until it’s too late. K-State row crop disease specialist Doug Jardine talks about this disease and why it’s been a problem this past year, even in fields that were planted to nematode-resistant varieties.  

- February 19, 2016


Soil Test Grain to Fertilizer Price Ratios - AudioLucas Haag

One question that arises when commodity prices are at very low levels, is whether or not it is worth it to soil test? The short answer is absolutely yes. In the long run, soil testing can save much more than it actually costs to do so. Lucas Haag, Northwest Kansas Area Agronomist promotes considering ratios when thinking about fertilization and in this clip, Lucas expounds on this thinking. 

- February 15, 2016


 Corn Planting in Southeast Kansas - Audio

When should we plant corn in southeast Kansas? Much of the time, corn planting is dictated more by when we can get in the field because of wet soils. Even so, there are a few things that should be taken into consideration in deciding when to plant corn for optimal yield. 

- February 12, 2016


Fertilizing Fescue - Audio

Mid-February is often the target for applying nitrogen fertilizer to tall fescue pastures. Some may have already applied, but if you haven’t there is still time for it to be effective. How much should be applied depends on some factors. Those can include whether the field will be grazed or hayed, whether or not any fertilizer was applied in the fall, the price of the fertilizer and projected prices of hay, and the growing conditions since last fall. In this clip, those factors are discussed in-depth.

- February 8, 2016


 Understanding Herbicide and Soil Interactions - Article  Audio

Herbicides have been widely used for many years as effective weed reduction tools. Understanding how they work and interact with other environmental factors will aid in more effective weed management decisions. The best source of information for herbicide use is the herbicide label. Always apply herbicides according to label directions. The herbicide label is a legal document, and an applicator is responsible for applying the herbicide according to label directions.

- February 5, 2016


Poor Agricultural Economy - Audio

With commodity prices at very low levels, the agricultural economy is facing what could be a tough stretch. The K-State Agriculture Economics Department is trying to prepare Kansas farmers for this situation. In this clip Brian Briggeman, Kansas State University Agricultural Economist speaks about the potentially very poor year facing farmers across the state and nationally.

- February 2, 2016


Wheat Fungicide Use - Article

Stripe Rust 2015Wheat is often treated as a "second class" crop in Southeast Kansas. Due to our growing environment, disease issues are prevalent nearly every year. At our 3rd Annual Girard Agronomy Night, Dr. Erick DeWolf spoke about fungicide use and in this article, some of his insights are presented. The article focuses on Tan Spot, Stripe Rust, and Fusarium Head Blight which have been major issues the past few years. 

- January 29, 2016


 

Topdressing Wheat - Audio

Topdressing wheat is like many other aspects of farming where timing is everything.  It is best to apply nitrogen (N) early, typically before the end of February when there will be enough moisture to move the N down to the root zone. The key consideration is to make sure plants have enough nitrogen at the right time.

- January 28, 2016


Chemical Weed Control Guide - Audio

Over the years, it has become a highly-valued resource for agricultural producers:  K-State’s annual Chemical Weed Control Guide for cropland, rangeland and non-cropland.  This guide is a comprehensive handbook for herbicide selection, and the 2016 edition is now available.  K-State weed management specialist Curt Thompson talks about this publication and why it’s updated every year.

- January 22, 2016


Crop Windbreak Study - Audio

Previous research has proven that windbreaks can help increase crop yields from the fields they protect. Now, foresters at K-State are planning to update that research, and are seeking cooperation from landowners.  K-State’s Charlie Barden talks about the past windbreak impact study.

- January 15, 2016


Waterlogged Corn June 3 2015Denitrification: A Wet Weather Problem - Article  Audio

Most producers are aware of the impact of nutrient deficiencies on crop performance and how nitrogen plays a very important role in economic returns. The uncertainty exists when nitrogen loss occurs, particularly due to saturated soils. Managing crops for nitrogen loss may be just as important as monitoring nutrient deficiencies. 

- January 8, 2016


Chloride Benefits Wheat - Audio

Extensive field research at Kansas State University shows that the application of chloride can help improve crop yields, especially in wheat. K-State soil fertility specialist Dave Mengel talks about what chloride does for wheat and explains why chloride applications can help in Kansas conditions, as opposed to other regions.

- January 4, 2016


Water Quality Best Management Practices - Article - Audio

Rainy DaySoil conservation and water quality go hand-in-hand. With recent excessive rains, producers have had the opportunity to witness where their field have issues with erosion so now may be the time to consider some water quality best management practices. A diverse group of researchers and extension specialists at Kansas State University have put together a resource concerning those practices, and this article and radio clip delves into that publication.

- December 30, 2015


2015 Corn Hybrid Performance - Audio

It was a different kind of year – weather-wise – for growing corn in different areas of Kansas. Because rainfall was well above average and temperatures were well below average, the yields seemed to increase compared to previous years in some parts of the state. This was reflected in the just-compiled K-State Corn Hybrid Performance Test results which are now available to growers.   K-State agronomist Jane Lingenfelser gives an overview of this year’s corn production season.  

- December 28, 2015


Proper Forage Sampling Procedures - Audio

Hay bales can be an effective and reliable feed source for livestock as the weather turns cold and dreary. When it comes to feeding or selling hay through the winter, one thing that should never be neglected is to get the hay properly tested. The information gained from forage sampling will help to better determine the hay’s market value and ration formulation for livestock.

- December 18, 2015


Record Keeping - Audio

The Ag Econ department recently had an update on campus. The focus of this training was on the downturn in the farm economy. One of the items that producers need to be vigilant in during poor years is record keeping. In this clip, we will hear from Kansas Farm Management administrator Kevin Herbel as he talks about the importance of keeping accurate records. 

- December 14, 2015


 

Nutrient Availability within the Soil - Article- Audio

Soil testing can be a great way to get an idea of the nutrients available, or deficient, within the soil. When it comes to certain nutrients, there are many factors that can affect their ability to be taken up by a plant.

- December 11, 2015


Agricultural Use Value Increasing - Article

Agricultural use value is increasing at a fairly high rate. This is troubling to landowners since these values are what property taxes are based on for agricultural land. How much of an increase? Statewide, the average increase is 16%. This article presents a simplified look at how the use values are determined.

- December 4, 2015


 Winterizing Equipment - Audio 

With harvest coming to an end, and cold temperatures sneaking in, now is the time to start preparing your equipment to withstand the upcoming winter weather. Just like cattle growing their winter coats, farm equipment should also be prepared to survive the freezing temperatures. Properly winterizing equipment will not only cut down on the headaches next spring, but it will also increase the life and resale value of the equipment in the future.

- December 4, 2015


Renegotiating Leases - Mykel Taylor - Audio

Mykel TaylorIn this clip we will hear from Mykel Taylor, K-State Research and Extension Agricultural Economist as she talks about leases, specifically whether or not leases should be renegotiated. Since commodity prices have fallen from all time highs the answer to that is most likely yes. Mykel will be presenting at out Crop and Pasture Lease Conference on December 9th. Mykel will discuss not only negotiating leases but also how current market conditions impact what those lease amounts should be.

- November 30, 2015


Soil Test Economics - Dorivar Ruiz-Diaz - Audio

Is it worth it to soil test? The Kansas State University Agricultural Economics department recently conducted a study over the economics of soil testing and in this clip we hear from Soil Fertility Specialist Dorivar Ruiz Diaz as he discusses those results. Dorivar also discusses if soil testing should be focused on in good years, or if the opposite is actually the case.

- November 23, 2015


Scout Emerging Wheat - Article - Audio

When it comes to the newly sowed winter wheat crop, there are a variety of issues that can affect its emergence and growth. Many of these can be detected while scouting. The first problem producers might encounter after planting is poor stand establishment or uneven wheat stands. Poor stands can be caused by a number of problems, such as a plugged drill, poor seed quality, dry soil, planting depth, soil crusting, diseases, or insects. This year in particular, dry soils and poor seed quality may be major factors that contributed to some of the poor emergence. 

- November 13, 2015


 Big Data, The Future of Agriculture - Article

Big Data“I believe in the future of agriculture...” Past and present members of the FFA will recognize these immortal words of the FFA Creed written by E.M. Tiffany in 1928. At that time, the future of agriculture consisted of breakthrough technologies like hybrid crop breeding methods and pesticide development. Now, the future of agriculture appears to be precision agriculture and big data. Continue reading this column by clicking the link above.

- November 6, 2015


Soil Test Timing - Dave Mengel - Audio

Nitrogen deficient cornWhile there is no exact correct time to soil test, when you soil test can greatly impact the levels of nutrients present. Due to this, the K-State Research & Extension recommendation is to test at similar times of the year if you want comparable results. In this radio clip Dr. Dave Mengel, K-State Research & Extension Soil Fertility Specialist discusses the impact of timing on soil test results.

November 2, 2015


New Drone Publication Released - Brian McCornack - Audio

With the possibility of use in agriculture, drones, or small unmanned aerial systems UASs are still a hot topic. In this clip we will hear from Brian McCornack, a K-State Research and Extension entomologist as he talks about a recently released publication concerning the use of UASs in agriculture.

- October 26, 2015


 After Harvest Weed Evaluation - Audio

While driving through your fields, you probably made observations about weeds present at different locations. If you haven’t done so already, now would be a good time to start jotting a few of your weed notes down so you will remember them for the next growing season. Note the exact location where weeds were observed, as well as more specific details such as what kind and how many were growing. This will better assist you in controlling the problem for next year.

- October 23, 2015


Cheat Control in Wheat - Dallas Peterson - Audio

As any wheat producers knows, trying to keep grassy weeds out of wheat is a very difficult chore. In particular, cheat and downy/Japanese brome offer the largest threat to production. In this clip, Dallas Peterson discusses factors that producers must consider like application timing, and offers some idea of which herbicides provide some level of control.

- October 20, 2015


What’s the Buzz about the Hessian Fly - Article - AudioHessian Fly

To help insure this wheat crop turns out better than last year’s, it’s important to take measures now that we know can improve the stand at harvest. One such measure is the prevention of the Hessian fly into the emerging wheat stand. This gnat-like fly is often ranked as the most important insect pest in winter wheat production. The injury it causes frequently goes unnoticed until harvest and infestations are fairly common in all but the very southwest portion of the state. 

- October 16, 2015


Storing Grain - Audio

The harvested grain may be out of the fields and in the bins, but it should not be forgotten. Managing grain in storage to prevent insect damage is just as important as managing the crop while it is in the field. Insects can account for 5-10 percent losses in stored grain weight. Losses from grain in storage should not be taken too lightly.

- October 9, 2015


 Wheat Seed Size and Seeding Rate- Lollato - Audio
Wheat at anthesis
K-State wheat production specialist, Romulo Lollato, discusses wheat seed size as it relates to seeding rate at planting time. He is urging growers to consider using seeds per acre, rather than pounds per acre, as the basis for determining that rate.

- October 2, 2015


Wheat Seed Treatment to Prevent BYDV - Audio

Barley Yellow Dwarf is a disease that effects Southeast Kansas more than the rest of the state. While treating wheat seed this year is highly recommended due to the fusarium head scab infection this past year, treating with an insecticide may have an impact on BYDV infections this fall. In this clip we will hear from Bill Bockus, Plant Pathologist at Kansas State as he talks about a study he has overseen concerning seed treatments impact on Barley Yellow Dwarf.

- September 28, 2015


Contending with Herbicide Resistant Weeds- Dallas Peterson - Audiopigweed

K-State weed management specialist Dallas Peterson talks about mapping out a plan for contending with herbicide-resistant weeds in field crops, pointing out that an all-encompassing solution to the problem has yet to be developed, despite what claims about certain adjuvant products would suggest.

- September 25, 2015


Planting Low Test Weight Wheat Seed - Audio

In this clip, new State Wheat Specialist Romulo Lollato discusses how producers should approach using the poor wheat seed produced during last years harvest. The poor seed quality can mostly be blamed on the high incidence of Fusarium head blight (head scab) which was widespread and severe.

- September 22, 2015


 Avoid Compaction During Harvest - Article - Audio

Harvest is an exciting time for most producers; however, there is a downside to all the equipment that is used to help get the crop off the field. Compaction can occur when the axle load exceeds ten tons. Severely reduced yields and plant productivity can be signs of possible compaction. 

- September 18, 2015


Controlling Field Bindweed in the Fall - Audiobindweed

Field bindweed is notoriously hard to control. It is a deep-rooted perennial weed that can severely reduce crop yields and land values. Prior to a killing freeze can be an excellent time to treat field bindweed because it will be moving carbohydrates down into the root system. Persistent and timely treatments offer the most effective control.

- September 11, 2015


Wheat Soil pH Levels - Audio

Low pH soils have been a common problem where winter wheat is grown continuously. However, this problem has become more widespread in Kansas, according to K-State Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management Specialist, Dorivar Ruiz-Diaz. He encourages wheat growers to test their soils for pH levels ahead of fall planting.

- September 1, 2015


 Sugarcane Aphid in Grain Sorghum - Article - AudioSugarcane aphid August 28 2015

Sugarcane aphid is a relatively new pest for sorghum producers in Southeast Kansas. Because of this, not much is known about the pest, but in this article and audio clip, identification and management are discussed. Like most aphid pests, the sheer numbers can be overwhelming.

- August 31, 2015


Soil Testing in the Fall for Legume Production - Audio

Soil testing can be done in either spring or fall on hay fields and pasture. Legumes, especially alfalfa, require a near-neutral pH. When you lime a new pasture, it is important to apply the lime 6 to 12 months before planting legumes. Fields that will be planted to alfalfa next spring should also be evaluated for phosphorus and potassium levels and make corrections before planting.

- August 25, 2015


Wheat Disease Losses - Audio

Stripe Rust Near LibertyIt is no surprise to Kansas wheat farmers that this year’s crop had above average yield losses due to disease. K-State’s Wheat Disease Specialist, Erick DeWolf, discusses the results from the official Kansas Wheat Disease Report for 2015, and then gives recommendations as to how to go about reducing the risk of diseases in the future.

- August 18, 2015


Silk Clipping Corn Insects - Audio

K-State Crop Entomologist, Jeff Whitworth, reports on the silk clipping many producers may have noticed in their corn fields earlier in the growing season. Although not always a prominent crop pest, the Japanese beetle was evident in this year’s crop.

- August 11, 2015


Soybean Yield Estimation App - Audio

Ignacio Ciampitti

The old saying goes “all it takes to be a good soybean farmer is rain in August.” With our recent precipitation, hopefully there will be an abundance of good soybean farmers in our area. Estimating yield can play an important role in management decisions and the K-State Research and Extension Agronomy group led by Cropping Systems Specialist Ignacio Ciampitti have recently released a smart phone app KSUSoyYieldCalc. Ignacio talks about the new app in this extension minute.

- August 7, 2015


Wheat Variety Selection - Article - Audio

Variety selection is obviously very important for wheat, as it can make a lasting impact if the seed is saved and planted year-to-year. There are multiple ways to determine which variety to plant. Two highly important factors are discussed in this article - yield dependability and pest resistance. Also, in the audio file, Dr. Erick DeWolfe discusses the 2015 Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings publication which has been recently updated.

- July 24, 2015


Soybean Insects - Audio

Stinkbugs on soybeanSoybeans are an incredibly resilient plant that can tolerate quite a bit of defoliation without impacting yield. There are an abundance of pests (blister beetles and stinkbugs) currently in the area which can consume soybeans, but a chemical control may not be warranted. However, producers should keep an eye out for the most worrisome pest, podworm as it may require control.

- June 26, 2015


Feeding Damaged Wheat- Audio

This year's wheat harvest may go down in the history books, but not for exceptional yields or quality. The horrid story of the 2015 wheat crop starts back in the fall with cold temperatures quickly advancing making fall tillering less than average. The next battle was the heavy infestation of wheat rust that touched most fields in the area. Any wheat that was still going strong, or even on its last leg, may have been affected by Fusarium head blight (scab). In turn, Deoxynivalenol (DON), commonly referred to as vomitoxin, quickly became a concern for most producers.

- June 22, 2015


Fusarium Head Blight - ArticleScabby Wheat Parsons Field Day May 27 2015

Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) is a common occurence in southeast Kansas. This year it seems quite prevalent. While there is nothing that can be done at this point in time to prevent infection, there may be ways to limit its impact at the elevator.

- June 19, 2015


Weed ID and Control - Audio

common mulleinWith the acceptable amount of rainfall and mildly warm summer, crops are not the only plants that have started boosting their yield potential. You may have noticed weed populations to be increasing and as strong as ever.

- June 15, 2015


Late Herbicide Use in Corn - Audio

As in many years in southeast Kansas, the spring rains have brought a flush of weeds into corn fields. In this recording, Curtis Thompson, K-State Research and Extension Weed Management Specialist discusses factors to consider when spraying corn later than usual.

- June 12, 2015


 Tips for Responsible Herbicide Use - Article - Audio

Finesse injury
Using herbicides can be a very cost effective and time saving way to control unwanted weeds. Nonetheless, it is vitally important to use correct and safe herbicide handling methods to ensure a clean and safe environment for all those around.

- May 26, 2015


Saturated Soils Impact Farmers - Article - Audio

Waterlogged corn June 3 2015Farmers in Southeast Kansas have experienced saturated soils before, but that doesn't mean they are ever really ready for it. In this article and recording, the effects from saturated soils such as root inhibition and denitrification are discussed.

- May 22, 2015